Conference – PSA Populism Specialist Group
Received Date: Nov 26, / Accepted Date: Dec 28, / Published Date: Populism has been defined primarily as a specific political communication style. Is populism by definition anti-democratic or illiberal? Please send your abstract to [email protected] no later than January 10, To date, much has been written about historical instances of populism, but accounts that attempt to. Main · Videos; Coroides del ojo yahoo dating post many people twig that populist peas disclaim how people twig to builder wherewith builder issues.
And, inversely, what does populism say about Brexit?
How does the distinction between populism in opposition and populism in power hold up through the example of Brexit? Is it really populism that has produced Brexit, or is it something else? We invite paper proposals grappling with these questions and more.
Populism and Feminism Recently, there has been an increased focus on the role of masculinity in populist movements and parties. However, leaders such as Marine Le Pen in France and Pia Kjaersgaard in Denmark complicate this narrative, turning the focus from male leaders to masculinity.
This panel engages with the question of which role masculinity, sexism and chauvinism plays in the construction of populist movements and parties. The panel engages with, but is not limited to, the following questions: To what extent are populist movements and parties reliant on strong leadership exhibiting the common markers of the alpha-male?
What role does masculinity play for the far-Right? What role does masculinity play in left-wing populism? How can feminist and critical scholarship help us better understand populism? The panel welcomes contributions across a range of empirical and theoretical perspectives. Email your paper proposal paper title, word abstract, institutional affiliation and full contact details to Emmy Eklundh: Communication, Strategy and Ideology For almost two decades now but especially since the onset of the global financial crisis, a conviction emerged in the literature on left radicalism in Europe, that there exists a populist radical left, which manifests itself both in terms of social movements as well as parties.
Its key features are said to be chiefly those of evoking the sovereign people as an organic unity in contradistinction to the self-interested and alienated elites.
What's the difference between Populism and Socialism? | Yahoo Answers
This panel aims at interrogating three aspects of the relationship between the contemporary European radical left and populism as a political discourse: These perceptions of populism as a complicated, limited and conflicted ideological stance create spaces for malleability and possible exploitation by politically engaged individuals and collectives to apply it for mass manipulation purposes. Hence, despite its lack of ideological depth and limited capacity for analysis, populism interacts with well-established ideologies such as liberalism, Christianism, Islamism, gender politics, left and right-wing radicalisms, among other isms.
This interactional flexibility with other ideological perspectives answers to its frequent adoption in the promotion of various mass-targeted ideological campaigns. Thus, populism transcends its purview as an ideological stance to become a motif of a kind in the execution of politicallyactivated ideological campaigns; such as those run by Donald Trump and the Brexiteers during the presidential election campaigns in the United States and the EU referendum polls in the United Kingdom.
Therefore, populism could be said to freely lend itself to various forms of topical social debates, cultural politics and mass movements. Methodology That populism was a seminal agent in the successes of the US presidential campaigns of Donald Trump and the UK EU-Referendum Brexit has been variously established by researchers, but the depth of that agency is what this paper dwells on.
The discourse in this paper therefore, begins with a concise review of the radical concept of populism and progresses to explore the other concepts Trumpism and Brexit through the lens of populism.
This has been done utilizing evidence from various sources comprising primary texts from Brexit and Trumpian campaigns, peer-reviewed research articles, a few influential Op-eds, as well as editorials where necessary; in order to give a proper perspective to the ensuing discourse.
The fodder of populism It would be necessary to mention a few factors that give rise to populism with a gaze on right-wing populist movements which in many ways relate to both Brexit and Trumpian campaigns.
Five views: Is populism really a threat to democracy?
Chief among these factors is the rising global income inequality and its attendant sociopolitical tensions. Peters and Volwahsen [ 6 ] identified three factors that have been in the forefront in driving higher income inequality sincenamely: This is however not to say that these factors have not had a real positive impact on aggregate income.
It is these factors and the economic frictions that they generate that have given rise to the recent wave of right-wing populism in the western hemisphere; such as those that yielded Brexit and Trumpian sentiments.
Of all necessitating factors, globalization appears to be the chief culprit. Globalization in its wake brought along certain socioeconomic dynamics which have created both winners and losers of new globalized economic systems in Western Europe and North America. The eventual losers of globalization tend to be easily lured to the divisive rhetoric of right-wing populist parties [ 6 - 11 ].
It is then not surprising that the demographic most susceptible to Brexit and Trumpian rhetoric and which were most animated in their support of these campaigns, comprised the classical losers of the new economic order; rural-dwelling, middle-class and working-class natives, as will be demonstrated below.
Five views: Is populism really a threat to democracy? | EUROPP
This explains the recent growth of RRPs in Europe, which exploit the fears and vulnerabilities of the citizens to win support by championing tough immigration laws and proposing a less powerful European Union [ 7912 ].
It would be recalled that at the end of a vicious and divisive Brexit campaign season between the Remainers and the Leavers in the UK EU-Referendum, a combination of factors succeeded in shaping public opinion and attitudes towards the EU and further integration.
These factors include, but are not limited to: This is therefore a form of social self-protection by the people from self-regulating markets on issues of money, trade and labour [ 15 ]. Other factors that directly or indirectly stimulate the rise and growth of populism, particularly in Western Europe and North America, range from economic and cultural to socio-political upsets and failures of leadership in recent years.
These myriads of factors include: These factors have to varying degrees instilled fear or resentment, and also induced nationalistic feelings and sentiments among the citizenry, and rendered them vulnerable to populist ideologues and xenophobic RRP parties; who simply cash in on this loophole to enlarge their followership. It is also important to note that some of these factors either spin off from globalization and its corollaries or are closely associated with them.
Populism in paradigmatic relations Since populism or populist relationships function in a directional dynamic, it would be crucial to further explicate that directional phenomenon as it relates to this paper. In the horizontal dimension, the opposition operates between insiders and outsiders: Trumpism resulted from a combination of factors.
These include growing disenchantment among the masses in the United States and Western Europe with their political leaders. Globalization and neo-liberalism became the essential fodder for growing inequalities, thereby creating a fast widening gap between the winners and losers of the globalized socioeconomic order. Thus Euroscepticism has been allowed to evolve both out of the negligence of political leaders and the lack of adequate information on the part of the ordinary man on the street.
Between Brexit and Trumpism In the foregoing, Trumpism and Brexit can be said to be akin to each other in view of their emergence as reactionary sociopolitical behaviour driven by popular discontent, protest and populism.
According to Ramswell [ 29 ], the UK and the USA each found their homelands embroiled in bitter battles raging among their citizenry in The recent wave of mass migrations from the Middle East and Africa into Europe and the persistent immigration flux of people from Latin America into the United States, alongside the cultural diversities that they bring with them, have raised much fear and apprehension from the citizenry in the target regions.
Hence, Western Europe and the USA have been rendered fertile grounds for the breeding of fervent nationalistic sentiments that easily evolved into ferocious antiimmigrant populist movements. In the view of Ramswell [ 29 ], racism and xenophobia have been transformed from isolated issues affecting only small portions of a society to become preeminent issues of debate and have also been given a vantage position in political warfare as obtained in the USA and the UK in However, the rise of antiimmigrant sentiments in Europe and the USA could be attributed to issues beyond racism, misogyny and xenophobia; such as dearth of jobs, wages and lack of sundry opportunities.
As already established above, populism thrives on mass movements and propels them as well, irrespective of what their proclivities are on political ideology. Populist forces proved decisive for the outcome of the British EU referendum, with their leaders allegedly igniting anti-immigrant and nativist sentiments in England; while Donald Trump similarly exploited the notable support for populism in the USA.
In both cases, popular discontent and revolt against the establishment have fuelled the raging populist fire.