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Dolan later presented his idea to Time-Life management; though satellite distribution seemed only a distant possibility at the time, he persuaded Time-Life to back him on the project.
Time-Life later conducted a test in Allentown, Pennsylvaniain which salesmen presented the concept of a pay cable channel to residents by offering free service for the first month and a refundable installation fee; half of residents surveyed in the test expressed interest in purchasing the conceptual service.
They ultimately settled on calling it "Home Box Office", although the name was originally intended as a working title in order to meet deadlines to publish research brochures for the new service, with the belief that management would come up with a different name later.
Originally, Home Box Office was to debut on a Service Electric cable television system in Allentown; in order to avoid blackouts for NBA games that it was set to televise Allentown was within the NBA's designated blackout radius for the Philadelphia 76ers ' market area, under rules that the league had in effect at the time to protect ticket salesTime-Life agreed to an offer by Service Electric president John Walson to launch the channel on its system in Wilkes-Barre outside of the 76ers' DMA, in northeastern Pennsylvania.
In addition, the city manager of Wilkes-Barre declined an offer to attend the launch ceremony, while Time Inc. Richard Munro was unable to attend as he was stranded in traffic while trying to exit Manhattan on the George Washington Bridge on his way to Wilkes-Barre. Home Box Office distributed its first sports event immediately after the film: Dolan's media partner, Time-Life, Inc. At the time, Home Box Office's future looked dim: HBO would eventually increase its fortunes within two years: Time-Life executives realized the problems in trying to expand Home Box Office's distribution footprint using microwave towers because of the time and expense that would be incurred in developing such a vast relay infrastructure, and began looking for cost-efficient methods of transmitting the channel nationally.
Inthey settled on using a geostationary communications satellite to transmit HBO to cable providers throughout the United States. Eastern Time on September 30,HBO became the first television network to continuously deliver its signal via satellite as opposed to microwave relay, the industry norm at the time when it distributed the " Thrilla in Manila " boxing match between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier ; it was beamed to UA Columbia Cablevision's systems in Fort Pierce and Vero Beach, Floridaand American Television and Communications Corporation's Jackson, Mississippi system,  as well as those already carrying HBO in the northeastern United States.
HBO distributed its programming for only nine hours each day, from 3: Eastern Time, during its first nine years of operation. The network first adopted a hour schedule on weekends on September 4,running from 3: By this time, the full "Home Box Office" name was de-emphasized by the network, in favor of branding solely by the "HBO" initialism although the full name is still used as the legal corporate name of its parent division under WarnerMedia,  and in on-air use within copyright tags featured during the closing credits of the channel's original programs and a legal disclaimer slide seen daily on its primary and multiplex channels.
That year also saw the premiere of the first children's program to be distributed on the channel: HBO continued to air various original programs aimed at children untilwhen these programs almost completely moved over to HBO Family which continued to occasionally distribute its own slate of original children's programming until In JanuaryHBO became the first satellite-delivered television network to encrypt its signal from unauthorized viewing by way of the Videocipher II system; this initially resulted in a mass lodge of complaints from television receive-only TVRO satellite users that previously received HBO's programming without a subscription.
MacDougall, a Florida man calling himself " Captain Midnight ", redirected a receiver dish towards the network's transponder on Galaxy 1 and intercepted its signal during a movie presentation of The Falcon and the Snowman ; MacDougall overrode the telecast of the film with a text-based message placed over SMPTE color bars in protest of the channel's decision to scramble its signal for home satellite subscribers.
The Federal Communications Commission subsequently prosecuted MacDougall for committing the intrusion. InHBO's subscriber base expanded greatly as a result of the Writers Guild of America strike that year, as the channel had new programming in its inventory during a period in which the broadcast networks were only able to air reruns of their shows.
InHBO compared its programming against rival pay television network Showtime, with the slogan "Simply the Best", using the Tina Turner single " The Best " as part of the network's on-air image campaign. Selecciones—which was offered in tandem with HBO, although it operated as a separate service—utilized the second audio program auxiliary channel to distribute its Spanish audio feeds.
Show with Bob and David and Arliss. Beginning with the launch of its first one-hour dramatic narrative series OzHBO started a trend that became commonplace with premium cable services. While the show was critically acclaimed, it was not until The Sopranos premiered inthat the network achieved widespread critical success for an hour-long series. The Sopranos—centering on mob patriarch Tony Soprano James Gandolfini and his family—received Emmy nominations during its six-season run, resulting in 21 wins, two of them for Outstanding Drama Series.
That year also saw the debut of the comedy series Sex and the Citywhich was based on the book series of the same name by Candace Bushnell ; over the course of its six-season run, the show—centering on the friendship and romances of four New York City women  —received 54 Emmy nominations, winning seven, including one win for Outstanding Comedy Series. InHBO became the first U. The network saw three more hit series in the s with Game of Thronesbased on George R. Martin 's fantasy novel series A Song of Ice and Firewhich earned both critical and viewer praise; Girlsa comedy series created by series star Lena Dunham ; and True Detectivean anthology -style series—structured to feature a different cast and setting within each season's storyline—which initially saw established film actors Woody Harrelson and Matthew McConaughey in its lead roles.
Secondary characters[ edit ] Several other recurring characters, although not central to the episodes, played an important role in the series. Keith Bishop Ewen MacIntosh: Keith works in the accounts department. Heavy set, slow-talking and apparently emotionless, he is a man of few words. When he does speak, his comments can be eloquent and sometimes disturbing. His counterpart in the U. Chris Finch "Finchy" Ralph Ineson: A "bloody good" outside sales representative, he is the only character in the series who is genuinely and deliberately narcissistic.
He is brashly confident, openly sexist, rasping-voiced with a natural flair for bullying others with swift, humiliating putdowns, Brent being his usual target.
The Office (U.S. TV series) - Wikipedia
He likes to dominate conversations and is successful with women, but shows a humourless violent attitude when he loses the staff quiz in Series One. David describes him as his "best friend" but actually acts more like a lackey, laughing at his jokes and attempting to impress him to feel popular only to be repaid with verbal abuse. Finch is such a bad loser at the quiz, he exclaims he and Brent can beat the team who beat them at many other things, so decides he can beat them at "Throwing", and if he throws anything they choose over the building, they will win the quiz and the champagne instead which they eventually do, with Tim's shoe being the nominated object.
Jennifer Taylor-Clarke Stirling Gallacher: Brent's immediate superior in Series One, nicknamed Camilla Parker Bowles by him, is a serious-minded professional, and Brent's behaviour and comedy-driven style of management are shown to be puerile and ineffectual by contrast. At the end of Series One she is made a partner in the firm and, during series 2, repeatedly reprimands David for inappropriate behaviour. She met him in school and they have been together ever since. Lee is humourless, dull, and controlling.
He often undermines and embarrasses Dawn, and is dismissive of her ideas of being an illustrator. His idea of a romantic proposal was a four-word notice in the newspaper — "Lee love Dawn.
It is clear from an early stage that she stays with him out of a fear of loneliness rather than real love. Lee has a somewhat violent temper, which is shown when he holds Canterbury against a wall, simply for starting to dance with Dawn. Glynn aka Taffy David Schaal: The misogynisticsexist warehouse manager at the company and Lee's supervisor, who is seen as being very slack and has little respect for anyone who works outside the warehouse, particularly management.
An older staff member, he is naturally most worried about the prospect of redundancies and therefore often challenges Brent's handling of the situation, criticising his relaxed attitude, his lack of management ability and several incidents, such as hiring a personal secretary when the office is facing redundancies.
Brent openly dislikes him, sneering at Malcolm's criticisms and openly lying about "faking" the high blood pressure that cost him a promotion and saved the Slough office from closure.
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Malcolm does not appear in Series Two, having presumably been made redundant. Introduced as Brent's new temp in the pilot, and a recent graduate. He was prominently featured in episode three, where he and Tim form a team for trivia night. The two end up winning, successfully answering a tie-breaker question on Shakespeare against Finch.
His past experiences at game shows, including winning Blockbusterscauses Finch to wind him up after beating him and Tim at "Throwing" claiming "Screw Blockbusters, Screw Bob Holness and screw your Gold Run! Introduced in series 1, episode 2 as the daughter of Brent's friends Ron and Elaine, who has come to work at the office. She makes a quick impact in the office, starting a relationship with Ricky, but fails to reciprocate Keenan's romantic feelings towards her. Karen Roper Nicola Cotter: Brent's personal secretary, hired because he insists that he needs an assistant.
Several of the staff are apprehensive about Brent hiring new and unnecessary personnel while the branch is facing downsizing and redundancies. She is not seen in Series Two. Neil Godwin Patrick Baladi: Brent's counterpart at the Swindon branch and eventually his immediate superior.
He is young, charming, professional and energetic, a more competent manager than Brent, and has a better relationship with staff. Brent is hugely resentful and jealous of him, and makes occasional, often childish attempts to either undermine or rival him. He grows increasingly exasperated with Brent's incompetence, poor judgement and failure to do his job properly and is therefore instrumental in David's redundancy.
She is bubbly and attractive and starts a relationship with Tim. After a deluded Gareth reveals his plans to seduce her, Tim is shocked when she begins to pressure him to make a greater commitment.