The collaboration between the government and NGOs has been very weak of the collaborative effort is the availability of accurate and up-to-date information to . be sensitive to protocol and to maintain relations with government institutions. 7. CrossRef citations to date. Altmetric. Listen. VIEWPOINT. The evolution of NGO –government relations in education: ActionAid – NGO relations with the government and communities in Afghanistan . their activities with the government and keep the government up to date with their work .
They live in poor conditions, suffer ing outbreaks of disease, with malaria and diarrhea a constant threat 3. The federal and state governments are responsible for providing basic health services. The State Ministry of Health runs an extensive network of hospitals, rural hospitals, clinics and dispensaries, but the services suffer from shortages of human and financial resources and equipment to deliver curative health services.
Furthermore, people face difficulties in accessing health services, especially in rural and conflict-affected areas.
The State Ministry of Health needs assistance from NGOs and other stakeholders to become involved in financing and delivering curative health services.
This situation has led international Non-Governmental Organizations NGOs to intervene and take responsibility for providing most of the curative health services in North Darfur State 4.
These organisations concentrate their efforts on urban areas because of their lack of capacity. The range of activities carried out by NGOs extends from providing hospitals, clinics and primary health care centers, to providing free consultation and drugs.
NGOs contribute to curative health service delivery by providing human and financial resources, materials and equipment, sharing information, developing joint projects with government, and developing national health policy, as well as creating joint committees with government.
This article analyses all these forms of collaboration between the government and NGOs in delivering curative health services in North Darfur State and identifies the challenges that affect this collaboration. But in order to do so the way in which such collaboration is organized should first be explained.
Methods Both quantitative and qualitative research methods were used to address the specific objectives of this study, which were to: Examine the existing collaboration between government and NGOs in curative health service delivery; Identify the challenges that affect their collaboration. Documentary data were collected from a review of government and NGOs reports and other published or unpublished reports in Sudan and North Darfur State.
Primary qualitative data were obtained through consultative meetings and interviews with government and NGOs representatives. The research methods included observation, recordings and open-ended interviews. NGOs must also report to the government on all their activities, unlike other actors such as private contractors or Provincial Reconstruction Teams PRTs.
Whilst enabling the government to keep track of what NGOs are doing, this system makes it difficult for them to implement projects in a timely manner. Yet the fact that so many different actors are involved in development and humanitarian activities, including the UN and the military, means that relations are inevitably complex. Concepts of impartiality and independence sit uneasily amidst this growing need for increased coordination, if not collaboration.
By the same token, government views on NGOs are often negative and contradictory. Provincial government respondents accused NGOs of wasting funds and using donor money to pay for extravagant, luxurious lifestyles. At the same time, however, they admitted that they relied heavily on NGOs to carry out work and deliver services which they did not have the resources or the capacity to deliver themselves.
The most effective working relations have been established where NGOs have worked to involve the government in their research efforts, providing them with information about their programmes and plans and inviting them to various events, training sessions and project inaugurations.
In Herat, for example, one international NGO is careful not to hire qualified agronomists away from the government, so as not to undermine government capacity. The organisation also recognises that capacity is low and resources are scarce, and so helps out by providing the government with transport to field sites.
It also seconds staff to government offices.
Strategies and Tactics in NGO-Government Relations: Insights from Slum Housing in Mumbai
Relations also tend to be better with agencies that have had a long-standing presence in their area. As one NGO staff member in Herat stated: Both NGOs and the government have responsibilities.
The government should focus more on a coordinating role to bring NGOs together.
NGOs should build government capacity. Their roles should be complementary The government is the biggest development agency in the country and NGOs should realise this.
Non-governmental organization - Wikipedia
Their role should be to create models for development, which the government can follow. The NGO field level worker cannot simply take decisions, but should advise and inform.
However, the role NGOs have is crucial. They can identify why and how a system is failing. There is considerable frustration within the provincial government over its inability to reach communities due to a lack of resources. In a country where the road and communications infrastructure is severely under-developed, outreach to communities takes on greater meaning. Not having the resources to access districts and communities severely undermines reconstruction efforts, and in many cases exacerbates tensions with NGOs, which generally can afford to make visits to local communities and establish relations with local people.
Several provincial government respondents mentioned that they felt disempowered and resentful as a result. However, they may want to consider approaching local government representatives when conducting field or site visits, so that the government can increase its presence and legitimacy with local communities.
NGO relations with the government and communities in Afghanistan - ODI HPN
Interviews conducted in Balkh and in areas of south-eastern Afghanistan revealed great community dissatisfaction with the minimal government presence in their area, which of course is compounded by the worsening security situation. Community perceptions of the government and NGOs Views of the government differed among the local population in Herat and in Balkh.
Whilst a desire to see a government rather than NGO presence was voiced numerous times, respondents in several communities in Balkh indicated that the provision of security, which seemed to be the main expectation from the government, made up for the lack of basic services. All community members interviewed in Herat, for example, brought up the weakness of the government.
We need them and they should be here to support us. The most frequent complaint against the government by communities concerns rampant corruption, which has become endemic and is severely undermining state- building efforts. Meetings held over the course of the last six months with community members in Paktia and Khost provinces in the south-east reveal mounting indignation and anger against a government which, two years or so ago, people were still willing to support.
As for NGOs, a recurrent complaint was that they implemented projects regardless of what villagers had asked of them. There still appears to be a general misunderstanding among both the government and people regarding who and what NGOs are. According to a research consultant who undertook an extensive study of large private contractors working in Afghanistan, many of the people spoken to often referred to these contractors as NGOs.
The military often employ contractors, which communities confuse for NGOs, to carry out projects which are not properly supervised and lack accountability. According to a senior advisor working in Kabul, perceptions of NGOs are linked to the outcomes of the projects they implement: This contrasts with the South, where NSP projects have been implemented through private contractors. Outcomes have been negligible.